Everything You Need To Know About Split Ends & How To Treat Them

Split ends are the result of the fraying or breaking apart of one hair strand into two or more. This happens to hair that is dry and brittle to the point of breakage. Contrary to popular belief, split ends don’t only happen to people with long hair, nor do they only affect the tips of the hair. As long as the hair shaft is damaged, even at any length, split ends will naturally occur.

Unlike the misconception of many, split ends are caused by the damage that occurs in the midsection of your strands. Each split end has a story because every strand of hair goes through different patterns of washing, dyeing, heat styling and is exposed to different environmental aggressors. There are four most common types of split ends, and the best way to prevent them is by adding in hair care habits to reduce exposure to their triggers.

Different Kinds of Split Ends

split ends hair problem

Basic/Traditional Split

This is the most common type of split end that appears in the early stages of split development. This type indicates that more moisture is needed by the hair and a hair repair mask can be a good solution to reverse the damage.


This is where a hair strand is split into three and it shows more widespread hair damage. A nourishing mask could help to lessen the risk of progressing to more split ends.

The Tree

At this point, not only is the tip affected but also the length of the hair. Don’t worry! You can do a weekly treatment mask to bring back lost nutrients to your strands without needing to cut them off.


This type shows a significant loss of the outer cuticle but without the split. However, this type shows that a split can happen anytime. To bring back moisture to your strands, doing an intensive treatment at home can help rejuvenate and prevent further damage.

Causes of Split Ends

Use of Heat

Overexposure to heat from styling tools can damage hair cuticles, and when the hair shaft is weakened, it becomes dry and more susceptible to split ends. When heat is applied to the hair, whether directly via a curling iron or indirectly using a blow dryer, it dries up the water retained within the strands. This can result in a damaged cuticle, leading to split ends.

Physical Damage

Excessive brushing of the hair when hair is wet can lead to additional stretching of the hair and doing it often can lead to hair breakage. But even when the hair is dry, brushing can cause friction to the hair shaft, which damages the cuticle layer. When this layer is damaged, it becomes frayed and leads to split ends.

Chemical Damage

Chemical hair processes cause hair damage. This comes in the forms of hair dyes, bleaching agents, perming solutions and they all lead to progressive hair damage that weakens the hair strands and results in split ends over time.

Insufficient Intake of Nutrients

Hair growth requires energy from the body. Therefore, nutrition plays a role in maintaining healthy hair growth and a diet that includes proteins, vitamins, and minerals are beneficial to supply the nutrients to the hair. One way to maintain your hair’s health is through supplements like zinc and iron. Zinc is found in oysters, beef, chicken, and peanuts, and iron is found in meat and veggies. Zinc promotes healthier hair growth while iron transfers oxygen to the blood for growth and repair of scalp and hair cells.

Solutions and Treatments

Deep Condition Your Split Ends

If you want to keep your hair protected from split ends, applying conditioner is a necessary step in every hair care routine. The basic role of conditioners is to seal in the moisture and nutrients that the shampoo strips from your hair strands. In turn, hair shafts are strengthened, leaving hair smoother and shinier.

Pantene Total Damage Care Miracle Conditioner

Try Pantene Total Damage Care Miracle Conditioner with Smart Cuticle Repair Damage Technology that targets deeply damaged and missing hair cuticles from deep within the core and works its way to the outmost layer.

When you have split ends, you lose more protein in the roots that may cause your hair to hollow out. This deeply nourishing product is formulated with Pro-Vitamin B5 technology that repairs the outer layers of each strand to keep the internal fibers protected and to help prevent protein loss and protect hair from damage caused by heat styling and chemical processing.

Is your current shampoo not doing enough to repair your severely damaged hair? Ordinary shampoos harshly wash away the lipids (aka. what’s keeping the fibers inside your hair) – loosening and weakening the structure of each strand.

Use Pantene Total Damage Care Shampoo with Lipid-Replenishing Technology for intense nourishment that penetrates deep within your hair’s core and fixes seriously damaged strands. So you have stronger, healthier hair without the signs of damage.

Work With Clean Hair When Using Heat

clean hair

Putting on hair oil before you use your curling iron might not be a good idea, and this can apply even with leave-in conditioners. When you expose oil-laden hair to heat, you might be cooking your hair, instead of styling it. This can eventually lead to damaged hair strands that can turn into a split end.

Brush Your Hair Regularly

Brush hair to prevent split ends

Like we mentioned earlier, aggressively brushing your hair can cause friction that can create hair shaft damage. The best way is to brush it as gently as possible. There are also hairbrushes like detangling brushes or a detangler comb that can reduce the friction when you glide through your hair that allows reduced risk to a damaged hair tip.

The first sight of a split end is a major sign of damaged hair. While we may not completely escape the risks of having split ends, keep in mind that there are a lot of precautionary hair care habits that can remedy them. Use Pantene Total Damage Care Miracle Conditioner as your hair’s daily protection against the threat of split ends for healthier and stronger, moisturized strands.